"> og真人⎛⎝ZIPVg⎠⎞网上真人斗牛-官网:全面修(制)订职业教育专业目录 推动专业升级和数字化改造 提高职业教育适应性 ——教育部职业教育与成人教育司负责人就《职业教育专业目录(2021年)》答记者问

网上真人斗牛

全面修(制)订职业教育专业目录 推动专业升级和数字化改造 提高职业教育适应性 ——教育部职业教育与成人教育司负责人就《职业教育专业目录(2021年)》答记者问

   发布时间: 2020-03-25 11:21   字体:[]

riqian,jiaoyubuyinfa《zhiyejiaoyuzhuanyemulu(2021nian)》(yixiajianchengxinban《mulu》)。jiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenjiuyouguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

一、请介绍一下新版《目录》研制的背景和意义。

zhuanyemulushizhiyejiaoyudejichuxingjiaoxuezhidaowenjian,shizhiyejiaoyuguojiajiaoxuebiaozhuntixihejiaoshijiaocaijiaofagaigedelongtou,shizhiyeyuanxiaozhuanyeshezhi、yongrendanweixuanyongbiyeshengdejibenyiju,yeshizhiyejiaoyuzhichengfuwujingjishehuifazhandezhongyaoguancedian。ciqiandezhiyejiaoyuzhuanyemulushifenbiebianzhide,qizhongzhongdengzhiyejiaoyuzhuanyemulushi2010nianxiudingde,gaodengzhiyejiaoyuzhuankezhuanyemulushi2015nianxiudingde,gaodengzhiyejiaoyubenkeshidianzhuanyeshigenjushidianxuyaoyu2019、2020nianfenbieshezhi。ciqiandemuluzaiyindaoyuanxiaozhuanyeshezhiherencaipeiyangfangmianfahuilezhongyaojichuxingzuoyong,tongshisuizhexingshifazhanyecunzaiyujingjishehuifazhanbuxiangshiyingdedifang。

suizhewoguojinruxinfazhanjieduan,shixianzhiyejiaoyugaozhiliangfazhan,duiyouhuazhuanyeshezhi、tuidongzhuanyeshengjiheshuzihuagaizaotichuxindegenggaoyaoqiu。yishi《guojiazhiyejiaoyugaigeshishifangan》(yixiajianchengzhijiao20tiao)yaoqiuzhuanyemuluwunianyidaxiu、meiniandongtaigengxin,2020nianshiduimulujinxingdaxiudeshijianjiedian。ershigoujianfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidejiaoyutixi,poqiexuyaoyitihuashejizhongzhi、gaozhizhuanke、gaozhibenkezhuanyemulu,tuidonggecengcijishujinengrencaipeiyangmubiaogengjiamingxi,jiaoxueneirong、pingjiadengxianghuxianjie。sanshitigaozhiyejiaoyushiyingxing,poqiexuyaozhudongduijie“shisiwu”guihuabingmianxiang2035nianjinxingqianzhanxingbuju,yixitongsiweituijinzhuanyeshengjiyushuzihuagaizao。

二、新版《目录》研制工作原则是什么?

网上真人斗牛xinban《mulu》yanzhigongzuozhuyaozunxunleyixiayuanze:yishiduijiechanye,duiyingzhiye。duiyingxinjingji、xinjishu、xinyetai、xinzhiye,goujianxiandaizhiyejiaoyuzhuanyemulutixi,zuohaobutongcengcizhuanyejiandequbiehexianjie,tigaozhiyejiaoyushiyingxing。ershishouzhengchuangxin,yushijujin。jianchizhiyejiaoyuleixingtezheng,tongchouyonghaoyuanyoumulutilikuangjia,jicengzhuanyejiansheshijianchengguo,yitihuasheji《mulu》jiegou。sanshikexueguifan,linghuokaifang。zunxunjiaoyujiaoxueguilv,tongchouguifanzhuanyemingcheng,tuozhan《mulu》fuwugongneng,jianquan《mulu》dongtaigengxinjizhi,zhichiyuanxiaolinghuoshezhizhuanye。sishichanjiaoxietong,ningjuheli。chongfenfahuixueshuwangshangzhenrendouniu、xingyeqiye、yanjiujigou、yuanxiaozhuanjiazuoyong,xingchenggongzuoheli,zuidaxianduningjugongshi,yinling“sanjiao”gaige。

三、请介绍一下新版《目录》研制的过程。

网上真人斗牛wobuchixuwangshangzhenrendouniu《mulu》shishiqingkuangdiaoyanhexiangguanketiyanjiu,weixinban《mulu》yanzhitigonglezhongyaojichu。2020nian,zhengshiqidongxinban《mulu》yanzhigongzuo,lishi10geyue,zaijiaoyubudangzulingdaoxia,chongfenfahuizhongguozhiyejishujiaoyuxuehuidezhikuzuoyong,shouciningjuliangyuanyuanshi、zhimingzhuanjiajieduchanyequshi、qianyanjishu,tigongzixunzhidao,chengliguwenzu、gongzuozu、zonghezu、yanzhizu,xingzhiwei、“shuanggaojihua”jianshedanweidengyuanxiao、xingyeqiyedaibiaodeng800yurenshenducanyu。qianqidiaoyanshoudaogefangmianzhuanyeshezhijianyi1604tiao,qijianfen12geyanzhizufentougongzuo,leijiwangshangzhenrendouniu76cijiangzuo、55changdazuhuiyi、360yucixiaozuhuiyi,diaoyanqiye2000yujia,zongjiezhiyeyuanxiaozhuanyejianshechengguo。jizhongtonggaohou,lianglunzhengqiuxingyebumen、difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumen、yanjiujigou、shehuituantidengyijian,gongshoudao800duotiaofankuiyijian,renzhenshulihouzhutiaoyanjiu、duolungoutong,bingwangshangzhenrendouniuyouguanyuanshi、zhuanjiashendu。

四、新版《目录》研制工作的主要成果是什么?与原《目录》相比,有什么变化?

xinban《mulu》quanmianluoshi《guominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisigewunianguihuahe2035nianyuanjingmubiaogangyao》duizhiyejiaoyudeyaoqiu,zaikexuefenxichanye、zhiye、gangwei、zhuanyeguanxijichushang,duijiexiandaichanyetixi,tongyicaiyongzhuanyedalei、zhuanyelei、zhuanyesanjifenlei,yitihuashejizhongdengzhiyejiaoyu、gaodengzhiyejiaoyuzhuanke、gaodengzhiyejiaoyubenkebutongcengcizhuanye,gongshezhi19gezhuanyedalei、97gezhuanyelei、1349gezhuanye,qizhongzhongzhizhuanye358ge、gaozhizhuankezhuanye744ge、gaozhibenkezhuanye247ge。yuyuan《mulu》xiangbi:

yishitongyimulutilikuangjia。yijuguominjingjixingyefenlei、zhiyefenlei,jianguxuekefenlei,queding《mulu》zhuanyedalei、zhuanyeleihuafen。yiyuangaozhizhuankezhuanyemulukuangjiaweijichu,jiangyuanzhongzhizhuanyemuluyou2jidiaozhengwei3ji,tongchougaozhibenkezhuanye,xingcheng《mulu》kuangjia。19gezhuanyedaleishuliangbubian,zhuanyedaleihuafenhepaixubaochijibenwending,mingchenglveyoudiaozheng。yuan99gezhuanyeleidiaozhengwei97ge,jinxinglexiaofugengming、xinzeng、hebing、chexiaoheguishudiaozheng。rushunyingguojiazhongdianchanyefazhanxuyaozengshele“jichengdianlulei”“anquanfangfanlei”dengzhuanyelei,genjuxingshibianhuajibumenzhinengdiaozhengchexiaole“renkouyujihuashengyulei”dengzhuanyelei。

网上真人斗牛ershitongchoudiaozhengshezhizhuanye。yuzhongzhizhuanyemulu(2010nian)jijinnianzengbuzhuanyexiangbi,zhongzhibaoliu171ge,diaozheng(hanxinzeng、gengming、hebing、chexiao、guishudiaozheng、chaifen,xiatong)225ge,diaozhengfudu61.1%;gaozhizhuankejiaogaozhi(zhuanke)zhuanyemulu(2015nian)jilinianzengbuzhuanye,baoliu414ge,diaozheng439ge,diaozhengfudu56.4%;gaozhibenkejiaoshidianzhuanyeqingdanbaoliu39ge,diaozheng208ge,diaozhengfudu260%。baoliudezhuanyezhuyaoshifuhechanyerencaixuqiushiji、zhiyechengshuwending、zhuanyebudianjiaoguang、jiuyemianxiangmingque、mingchengkexueheliyijitezhongxingyelingyuzhuanye;zhuanyediaozhengdeqingxingzhuyaoshi:shiyingjingjishehuifazhanxinbianhuaxinzengzhuanye,genjuchanyezhuanxingshengjigengmingzhuanye,genjuyetaihuogangweixuqiubianhuahebingzhuanye,duibufuheshichangxuqiudezhuanyeyuyichexiao。

网上真人斗牛sanshixitongshejizhuanyedaima。genjuyitihuashejilinian,jianguzhuanyeshezhiguanlidewendingbianjie,shejizhuanyedaimabianpaiguize,jizhuanyedaimatongyian6weishubianpai,di1-2weishuweizhuanyedaleishunxuma;di3-4weishudezhuanyeleishunxuma,anzhaozhuanyemulukuangjiazhuanyedaleizhongzhuanyeleidexianhoushunxubianpai,sangecengcicaiyongxiangtongdaima;di5-6weishuweizhuanyeshunxuma,tongchoukaolvzhuanyebudian、neizaiguanxidengyinsushezhidaima。

五、新版《目录》有哪些主要特点?

网上真人斗牛xinban《mulu》jianchifuwufazhan、cujinjiuyededaoxiang,quanmiantixianzhiyejiaoyuzhuanyeshengjiyushuzihuagaizaolinian,luoshijiaoyugongjicejiegouxinggaigexinyaoqiu,zhuyaoyouyixiatedian:

yishiqianghualeixingjiaoyutezheng,fuwujinengxingshehuijianshe。xinban《mulu》quanmianfugailianheguochanyefenleizhongsuoliequanbu41gegongyedaleiyijiguojiafabudexinzhiye,duijiegangweiqunxuqiu,jianguxuekefenlei,zailiqingchanye、zhiye、gangwei、zhuanyejianguanxidejichushang,kexuequedingbutongcengcidezhuanyedingwei。

网上真人斗牛ershizhonggaobenyitihuasheji,tixianrongtongguantonglinian。zhiyejiaoyuzhong、gao、bengecengcizhijian,tongleizhuanyezhijianzongxiangguantong、hengxiangrongtong。mianxiangzhiyegangweiqunzhucengtisheng,peiyangmubiaoheguigezhucengdijin,rencaidingweiyoujixianjie。

sanshiduijiexiandaichanyetixi,tishengrencaigongjizhiliang。duijie“shisiwu”shiqixinxingshi,zhongdianfuwuzhizaoyeqiangguojianshe、pojie“kabozi”guanjianjishudeng,mianxiangzhanlvexingxinxingchanyezhongdianlingyu,mianxiangshengchanxingfuwuyexiangzhuanyehuahejiazhiliangaoduanyanshen,mianxiangshenghuoxingfuwuyexianggaopinzhiheduoyanghuashengjideng,xitongshulixinzhiyechangjing、xinzhiyegangweiduijishujinengrencaixinxuqiu,yimuluweiyinlingtuijinzhiyejiaoyugongjicejiegouxinggaige。

sishituijinshuzihuashengjigaizao,goujianweilaijishujineng。youhuahejiaqiang5g、rengongzhineng、dashuju、yunjisuan、wulianwangdenglingyuxiangguanzhuanyeshezhi。shiyingshuzihuazhuanxing、chanyejichugaojihuaqushi,mianxiangbutongxingyedeshujuqudong、renjixietong、kuajieronghe、gongchuangfenxiangdezhinengxingtaideng,congzhuanyemingchengdaoneihanquanmianjinxingshuzihuagaizao。

wushizunxunzhiyejiaoyuguilv,fuwuzhongshenxuexixuqiu。tongchouchulichuantongzhuanyehexiandaizhuanye、yitihuashejiyutesesheji、fenduanpeiyangyuxitongpeiyang、jiaoyuzhudaoshejihexingyezhidaosheji、xinxingchanyefazhanyuchuantongchanyeshengjizhijiandeguanxi。jiangubutongzhiyeyuanxiao、butonggongzuogangweiduizhuanyekoujingkuanzhaidebutongxuqiu,jianguxitongpeiyangxueshenghexueshengzhongshenxuexi、quanmianfazhanxuyao。chongfenkaolvzhonggaozhiguantongpeiyang、gaozhikuozhao、mianxiangshehuichengjiepeixun、junminronghefazhandengxuqiu。

六、新版《目录》服务对接“十四五”高质量发展有哪些具体体现?

xinban《mulu》quanmianluoshi“shisiwu”guihuahe2035nianyuanjingmubiaodezhanlvebushu,jutitixianzaiyixiafangmian:

yishifuwuguojiazhanlvexingxinxingchanyefazhan,mianxiang9dazhongdianlingyu,shezhiduiyingzhuanye。rushezhijichengdianlujishu、shengwuxinxijishu、xinnengyuancailiaoyingyongjishu、zhinengguangdianzhizaojishu、zhinengzhizaozhuangbeijishu、gaosutieludongchezuzhizaoyuweihu、xinnengyuanqichezhizaoyujiance、shengtaibaohujishu、haiyanggongchengzhuangbeijishudengzhuanye。

ershifuwuxiandaifuwuyezhongdianlingyushezhiduiyingzhuanye。rucujinshengchanxingfuwuyexiangzhuanyehua、jiazhiliangaoduanyanshen,shezhigongyinglianyunying、zhinengwuliujishu、shuzihuashejiyuzhizaojishudengzhuanye;huiyingshehuiminshengguanqie,jiaqiangjinquelingyurencaipeiyang,shezhiyingyouertuoyufuwuyuguanli、zhihuijiankangyanglaofuwuyuguanli、xiandaijiazhengguanli、bingxueyundongyuguanli、shikusibaohujishu、zhiyebingweihaijiancepingjiajishuzhuanye。

sanshifuwuchanyeliangongyinglianxiandaihuashuipingtisheng,chuantongzhuanyeshengjiyuxinxingzhuanyezengsheyoujijiehe。rumianxiangfangwuhangkongzhuangbeiyuguochandafeijishengchan,xitongshezhifugaihangkongzhuangbeiquanzhouqidehangkongfuhecailiaochengxingyujiagongjishu、hangkongfadongjizhizaojishu、hangkongzhinengzhizaojishu、feixingqishuzihuazhuangpeijishu、hangkongfadongjiweixiujishudengzhuanye;fuwuguojiazhiliangjichusheshijianshe,shezhibiaozhunhuajishu、gongyechanpinzhiliangjiancejishu、jiliangceshiyuyingyongjishudengzhuanye。

sishifuwuxinxingjichusheshijiansheshezhixiangguanzhuanye。rufuwudiwudaiyidongtongxin、gongyehulianwangdejianshe,shezhixiandaiyidongtongxinjishu、gongyehulianwangjishudengzhuanye;fuwuzhihuijiaotong,shezhizhinengjiaotongjishudengzhuanye,fuwuzhihuinengyuanxitongjianshe,shezhishuilishuidiangongchengzhinengguanli、zhihuishuilijishu、fenbushifadianyuzhinengweidianwangjishudengzhuanye。

网上真人斗牛wushifuwushuzichanyehuahechanyeshuzihuafazhan,shezhidashujujishu、yunjisuanjishuyingyong、rengongzhinengjishuyingyong、qianrushijishuyingyongdengzhuanye;fuwuxinxianquan,shezhixinxianquanjishuyingyong、mimajishuyingyongzhuanye;quanmiantuijingelingyuxiangguanzhuanyedeshuzihuagaizao。

网上真人斗牛liushifuwuxiangcunzhenxingzhanlveshishi,shezhixiandainongyejingjiguanli、nongcunxinxingjingjiwangshangzhenrendouniuguanli、xiuxiannongyejingyingyuguanli、sicaoshengchanjishu、qinchuzhinenghuayangzhidengzhuanye;fuwuguojialiangshianquanbaozhang,shezhixiandaizhongyejishu、liangshichuyunyuzhilianganquandengzhuanye;fuwulvseditanfazhan,shezhilvseditanjishu、zhinenghuanbaozhuangbeijishu、shuihuanjingzhinengjianceyubaohu、ziyuanzongheliyongjishu、wangshangzhenrendouniuxiufujishudengzhuanye。

网上真人斗牛qishifuwuguojiazhilinenglitisheng,duijieguojiayingjiguanlitixijianshe,shezhiyingjijiuyuanjishu、anquanzhinengjiancejishudengzhuanye;duijieshehuizhianfangkongtixijianshe,shezhizhinenganfangyunyingguanli、shuzianfangjishu、anquanbaoweifuwudengzhuanye;fuwujiaqianghechuangxinshehuizhili,shezhizhihuishequguanli、dangwugongzuodengzhuanye。

bashifuwuxinyetai、xinzhiye,buqirencaiduanban。rufuwuwenhualvyouxinyetai,shezhidingzhilvxingguanliyufuwu、minsujingyingyuyunyingzhuanye,zhenduizhuangpeishijianzhuxinyetaihe“zhuangpeishijianzhushigongyuan”xinzhiye,shezhizhuangpeishijianzhugoujianzhinengzhizaojishuzhuanye;zhendui“qukuailiangongchengjishurenyuan”“qukuailianyingyongcaozuoyuan”xinzhiye,shezhiqukuailianjishuyingyongdengzhuanye;zhendui“quanmeitiyunyingshi”xinzhiye,shezhiquanmeitidianshangyunying、quanmeitiguanggaocehuayuyingxiao、wangluozhiboyuyingxiaodengzhuanye。

七、新版《目录》对国控专业进行了哪些调整?

genjuyouguanguiding,shejilinchuangyixue、jiaoyu、gongan、sifashejingleidenggaozhizhuankezhuanyeweiguojiakongzhizhuanye,naruxingzhengshenpishixiang。gaozhibenkezanweishezhiguokongzhuanye。genjudangzhongyang、guowuyuanyouguanwenjianjingshenjixingyezhuguanbumenyijian,duixiangguanguokongzhuanyeshezhijinxingdiaozheng:chexiaozhongzhixueqianjiaoyuzhuanye,yindaoyouguanxuexiaozhuansheyouerbaoyuzhuanye;chexiaozhongzhinongcunyixuezhuanye,yindaoyouguanxuexiaojinyibuyouhuayiyaoweishengleizhuanyejiegou,jiaqiangbujuyingyouertuoyu、yanglaofuwu、jiankangguanlidengdajiankangxiangguanzhuanye。congzhuanyemingchengshangjinyibumingquetixianyuwenjiaoyu、shuxuejiaoyu、yingyujiaoyudengzhuanyezhuyaogangweimianxiangweixiaoxuejiaoyudepeiyangdingwei。genjuyouguanguanlitizhigaigeqingkuang,chexiaofanghuoguanli、senlinxiaofangdenggonganleiguokongzhuanye,zaianquanleizhongshezhiyingjijiuyuanjishu、xiaofangjiuyuanjishu、senlincaoyuanfanghuojishudengfeiguokongzhuanye。

八、新版《目录》如何与原《目录》做好对接?

网上真人斗牛xinban《mulu》zifabuzhiriqishishi,zaifabuxinban《mulu》detongshi,fabuxinjiuzhuanyemuluduizhaobiao,zhidaozuohaozhuanyexianjie。2021nianqi,zhiyeyuanxiaonizhaoshengzhuanyebeian、guokongzhuanyeshenpigongzuoanxinban《mulu》jixiangyingdezhuanyeshezhiguanlibanfazhixing。muqiandezaixiaosheng,ansuoxuedeyuanzhuanyemingchengbaochibubian,peiyangzhibiye,tongshixuexiaoyinggenjuzhuanyeneihanbianhuaduirencaipeiyangfanganjinxingbiyaodediaozhenggengxin。yiruxuan“shuanggaojihua”dengwobujianshexiangmudexiangguanzhuanye(qun),yingjiehexinban《mulu》hexiangmujiansheyaoqiu,jiehe“shuanggaojihua”zhongqijixiaopingjiadengyouhuajianshefangan,jinxingbiyaodemingchengdiaozhengheneihanshengji。youguanzhiye(zhiye)zigezhengshukaoshiduizhuanyeyoumingqueyaoqiude,womenjianghuitongxiangguanbumen,genjuxinban《mulu》heyouguanguidingjishigengxinyouguankaoshixiangyingbaokaozhuanyeqingdan。

九、在专业设置管理方面有什么要求和考虑?

网上真人斗牛zhijiao20tiaoduizhuanyeshezhiguanlitichumingqueyaoqiu,yaoqiu“jianquanzhuanyeshezhidingqipinggujizhi,qianghuadifangyindaobenquyuzhiyeyuanxiaoyouhuazhuanyeshezhidezhize,yuanzeshangmei5nianxiuding1cizhiyeyuanxiaozhuanyemulu,xuexiaoyijumululinghuozizhushezhizhuanye,meiniandiaozheng1cizhuanye”。zhiyejiaoyujiyaobaochizhuanyemuludeguifanxinghewendingxing,youyaogulizhichizhiyeyuanxiaogenjujingjishehuifazhanxuqiutansuoshezhixinzhuanye,tixianguanlidanxinghelinghuoxing。houxu,womenjiangyizhaoxinban《mulu》、3gezhuanyeshezhiguanlibanfaheyouguanguiding,jiaqiangduizhuanyeshezhihejianshedezhidaohehongguanguanli。

网上真人斗牛yishijiadaxuanchuanjiedulidu,quanmianzhunquejieduxinban《mulu》,zhidaodifanghezhiyeyuanxiaoyizhao《mulu》hexiangyingzhuanyeshezhiguanlibanfa,jiehequyujingjishehuigaozhiliangfazhanxuyao,duijiequyuchanyeguihua,youhuazhuanyebujujiegou。tongshi,jiangfenqifenpigengxinfabuzhuanyejianjiehexiangguanjiaoxuebiaozhun,shishixiudingxianxingzhongzhi、gaozhizhuankezhuanyeshezhiguanlibanfa,wangshangzhenrendouniumeiniandongtaigengxinzhuanye。

网上真人斗牛ershigulizhiyeyuanxiaolinghuozizhushezhizhuanye,jinyibuluoshihao《zhongdengzhiyexuexiaozhuanyeshezhiguanlibanfa(shixing)》zhong“kaishe《mulu》waizhuanye,xujingshengjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenbeianhoushiban,anguojiayouguanguidingjinxingguanli”deguiding,bingjinyibuguifanbeianchengxu,mingquejutiyaoqiu。gaodengzhiyexuexiaoyizhaoxiangguanguidingyaoqiuzizhushezhihediaozhenggaozhizhuanye,zizhulunzhengshezhizhuanyefangxiang。

网上真人斗牛sanshixinban《mulu》weiraoyouguanlingyuduigaocengcijishujinengrencaixuqiu,jujiaoquexuzhangxuezhipeiyangdexiangguanzhuanye,lunzhengshezhile247gegaozhibenkezhuanye,zheixiezhuanyeduijiegangwei(qun),zaipeiyangmubiao、zhuanyedingwei、zhiyemianxiang、peiyangmoshi、kechengtixi、zhuanyeshezhiyaoqiushangtixianlezhiyejiaoyuleixingtezheng。gaozhibenkezhuanyeshezhiyaoyangezhixing《benkecengcizhiyejiaoyuzhuanyeshezhiguanlibanfa(shixing)》guiding,anzhaowobugongzuobushuwentuozuohaogaozhibenkezhuanyeshezhiheguanli,bimian“yihongershang”。wobuyouguansijuzhengzaiwangshangzhenrendouniuyanjiugaozhibenkezhuanyeshouyuxueshixueweidejutizhengce,bingjianganchengxufabu。


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